A working knowledge of the five basic noun functions-subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions-and an awareness of the role these key elements play in the underlying structure of the English sentence is the foundation upon which full proficiency with the written and spoken forms of our language rests. Add predicate adjectives to this mix and you have the basic building blocks of every English sentence pattern: subject-verb; subject-verb-direct object; subject-verb-predicate nominative; subject-verb-predicate adjective and subject-verb-indirect object-direct object. If you see this paragraph under a chapter cover sheet as shown here, you will not master the content of the chapter until you've mastered the five noun uses.

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